手机上瘾怎么办,砖家给了好建议

意大利时间:2018-03-14 18:10 作者:admin 阅读:
街友们,现在的我们,可是一天也离不开手机,社交媒体一开始也是为了将人们联结起来,为其提供有用的信息,同时插一点广告。而脸书等平台虽然也能创造传统收益,但它们想要的是人们的更多参与。手机上了瘾,我们怎么办呢,下面请看华人街小编带来的编译趣闻。

Similarly, as Joe and I discuss, social media begins with a basic principle: connect people to the individuals and information they want — and serve them a few ads along the way. While platforms like Facebook do generate traditional income, all they want from the average user is that precious commodity of engagement.

But how much attention can you stand to give up? How often do you find yourself distracted by your smartphone's social media apps? There's a tendency to chalk such technology addiction up to a weakness of character, or even a generational failing ("Those darn millennials and their iPhones!"). But as Center for Humane Technology founder Tristan Harris points out in a 2016 essay, persuasive technology is far from blameless and depends on a wide array of tricks to snare us: including the illusion of menu control, a fostered sense of FOMO, or "fear of missing out," a desire for social approval, instant interruptions and even "slot machine" design or "intermittent variable rewards."

"If you want to maximize addictiveness," writes Harris, "all tech designers need to do is link a user's action (like pulling a lever) with a variable reward. You pull a lever and immediately receive either an enticing reward (a match, a prize!) or nothing. Addictiveness is maximized when the rate of reward is most variable."

How many times have YOU experienced this? Perhaps ignoring family, friends and work to refresh your endlessly scrolling social media feed for that winning combination? Sure, your last pull of the lever generated your cousin's vacation photos, an advertisement and a depressing news story, but what about the next pull? Maybe this one will score you a photo tag, a hilarious celebrity tweet and a new episode of your favorite podcast! And so we pull again and again, while the posts scroll past, depleting us of our finite attention, willpower and time.

So yeah, there's a technological parasite in your pocket. You may have even paid top dollar for it. But what to do? For most, abandonment isn't an option. The technology is part of modern life, and its many beneficial aspects are hard to cast aside.

很多人会将社交媒体上瘾归咎于意志力薄弱,甚至认为这是一代人的堕落。但人道科技中心创始人Tristan Harris却说,科技也难逃其咎,它会用各种方法引诱人们使用设计叫媒体:包括虚幻的菜单控制感、对于错过信息的恐惧感、对社交支持的渴望、持续不断的消息打扰,甚至是“老虎机”式的不定时满足感。Harris说,想要让人们上瘾,科技设计者只需要将使用者的行为与不特定的奖赏联系起来即可。奖赏的变数越大,使用者就越容易上瘾。很多人都曾经沉浸在手机屏幕里,忽略掉外面的世界。上一次刷新社交媒体时,你看到了朋友的度假照片、一则广告,那下一次呢,有可能是别人给你点了赞,也可能是有人发了你最喜欢的一首歌。于是我们便不断地刷屏,将有限的注意力、意志力和时间都放在了里面。

但该怎么办呢?首先,抛弃手机肯定是不可能的,毕竟这是现代生活的一部分。但你还可以做下面这些事情:
1. 关闭消息通知,只接受真人给你发来的信息。
2. 如果可以的话,将屏幕设置成黑白灰色调。软件设计师都深谙色觉理论,他们会用最完美的颜色搭配方案吸引你的注意。
3. 对软件图标进行分类,只把最重要的工具放到主屏幕上,删掉不用的软件,有些可以放到子文件夹里。
4. 追踪或者限制自己的使用频率。很多软件都可以做到这一点。
5. 少把手机放在身边,比如在睡觉的时候。
最后一点很重要。有研究证明,仅仅将手机放在触手可及的地方,就能对人们的认知能力造成负面影响。
当然了,为了让不被手机奴役,我们可能还需要做更多事情。可能是社交媒体公司的制度改革,也可能是相关法律的设立。但在此之前可以肯定的是,贪得无厌的智能手机对人类点击率的渴望将不会衰减。
但该怎么办呢?首先,抛弃手机肯定是不可能的,毕竟这是现代生活的一部分。但你还可以做下面这些事情:
1. 关闭消息通知,只接受真人给你发来的信息。
2. 如果可以的话,将屏幕设置成黑白灰色调。软件设计师都深谙色觉理论,他们会用最完美的颜色搭配方案吸引你的注意。
3. 对软件图标进行分类,只把最重要的工具放到主屏幕上,删掉不用的软件,有些可以放到子文件夹里。
4. 追踪或者限制自己的使用频率。很多软件都可以做到这一点。
5. 少把手机放在身边,比如在睡觉的时候。
最后一点很重要。有研究证明,仅仅将手机放在触手可及的地方,就能对人们的认知能力造成负面影响。

当然了,为了让不被手机奴役,我们可能还需要做更多事情。可能是社交媒体公司的制度改革,也可能是相关法律的设立。但在此之前可以肯定的是,贪得无厌的智能手机对人类点击率的渴望将不会衰减。


(华人街网站编译:杨贤政先生,编辑:末代华侨,来源 :http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/smartphone-is-vampire-heres-how-to-fight-it.htm 图片:网络,转载请注明意大利华人街:huarenjie0039)

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